In Mexico, light-duty vehicles (LDVs) were sold at just under 1.3 million units in 2019, down from 1.6 million in 2016. Fuel consumption for LDVs has decreased from 9.1 liters of gasoline equivalent per 100 kilometers (Lge/100km) in 2005 to 7,6 Lge/100km in 2019, which is 6% higher than the global average. Fuel consumption decreased by 1.3% on average per year during this period. Fuel consumption decreased across all vehicle segments between 2005 and 2017, but there was a slight rise in fuel consumption for the small SUV/pickup, medium SUV/pickup, and city segments from 2017 to 2019.
In 2019, SUVs accounted for 38% of LDVs, followed by city cars (34%) and medium cars (21%). This is down from 31% in 2015. The relatively higher proportion of smaller vehicles in Mexico keeps the average LDV weight in Mexico at 1 379kg in 2019, 7% lower than the global average. Gasoline engines in Mexico still dominate the LDV market, but hybrids and plug-ins are on the rise. In 2019, hybrid vehicles have grown from a 1% share to just 2%. The electric and plug-in vehicle market has not yet been able to penetrate the Mexican LDV.
Fuel consumption and market analysis: a profile of the fuel market
In 2013, the government introduced fuel efficiency regulations, which are similar to US Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency (CAFE) Standards. However, the targets were less ambitious, and there was more flexibility for automakers and importers. The model year 2016 targets were 135.7 CO 2g/km in vehicles with footprints below 3.81m 2 and 180.1 CO 2g/km in cars with a larger footprint than 5.20m 2. In 2018, the Federal Law on New Automobile Taxation of Mexico exempts hybrid and battery electric vehicles from import and sales fees.
The IEA TCPs cover a wide range of innovation themes.
- Research building energy management systems to aggregate EV loads and provide flexibility services.
- Demonstration of V2B/V2H/V2G control systems to enable their mass deployment.
- Test and investigate new business models to reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO) for EV owners.
- Develop interoperability standards
- Integrate EV chargers into building codes.
The case suggests adding a table, chest, seating, artwork, rugs that match the stair treads, or easy-to-clean floorcloths. Skibicki loves to apply faux wood panels on a staircase for texture. She says that any style additions can be a great way to express your personality.