In 2019, Canada sold nearly 2 million light-duty vehicles, with an average fuel usage of 8.6 liters of gasoline equivalent per 100 kilometers. This is higher than any other major LDV market. Fuel consumption in Canada is almost 21 % higher than the global average. This is due to a growing number of SUVs and pickup trucks. Noteworthy, SUV/pickup truck sales have grown from 33% in 2005 to 67% today. This is the highest share among the major LDV markets. It’s also nearly a quarter more elevated than the global average. The average weight of LDVs sold in 2019 was 1,757 kg, almost 20% more than the worldwide average.
Fuel consumption in Canada decreased by an average of 1.4% annually between 2005 and 2015. It then increased by 0.3% from 2016 to 2017. Canada has recovered from this short-term hiccup, with fuel consumption falling by an average of 1.6% annually between 2017 and 2019 in Canada. Fuel economy has improved despite the increasing share of SUVs and pickups. In the period between 2017 and 2019, the percentage of hybrids grew from 1.3% to 2.2%. Shares of electric vehicles increased from 0.5% up to 1.9%, and plug-ins went from 0.5% up to 1.0%. The sales share of flex-fuel cars, which are slightly more fuel efficient than gasoline-powered internal combustion engines, decreased from 8.4% to 4.5% between 2017 and 2019.
Fuel consumption and market analysis: a profile of the fuel market
Has adopted fuel and emission standards that are in line with US Tier 3 regulations since 2015. The standards apply to all new models of passenger cars and light trucks for model years 2017-2025. According to Canada’s Regulations on GHG Emissions from Passenger Automobiles and Light Trucks, passenger cars must reduce CO 2 equivalent per mile by 5% annually between 2017 and 2025. The new greenhouse gas standards for light trucks will increase by 3.5% per year from 2017 to 2020 and 5% per year from 2022-2025. Canada, in response to the United States’ proposal to tighten emissions standards on model years 2023-2025, has announced its intention to align regulations with the strictest performance standards in North America after 2025.
EnerGuide is the official mark of the Government of Canada for assessing and labeling energy consumption of products. Labels are required to be placed on new light-duty cars sold in Canada. They provide information about the fuel type, fuel consumption, cost of annual fuel, CO2, smog rating, vehicle class, and more.
Canada has set the target in 2021 for all new LDV vehicles to be emission-free by 2035. This is an increase from its previous goal of 100% sales by 2020. The Canadian government is implementing a USD 220,000,000 program in order to facilitate a shift to fuel-efficient powertrains.
The IEA TCPs cover a wide range of innovation themes.
- Research building energy management systems to aggregate EV loads and provide flexibility services.
- Demonstration of V2B/V2H/V2G control systems allowing their mass deployment.
- Test and investigate new business models to reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO) for EV owners.
- Develop interoperability standards
- Integrate EV chargers into building codes.
The case suggests adding a table, chest, seating, artwork, rugs that match the stair treads, or easy-to-clean floorcloths. Skibicki loves to apply faux wood panels on a staircase for texture. She says that any style addition is a great way to make it your own.