Today, everything is turning into automated, and this can be considered as a competitive advantage either for the item or process. In addition, systems are giving the possibility of making them automated. As artificial intelligence is emerging and has performed miracles in various industries at the personal and commercial levels The expectations of the market and the industry increased and the demand for it is being met by the makers. Artificial intelligence in automotive industry has set the expectation higher for driverless cars.
In the automotive industry, the trend is creating a lot of new developments, changes and autonomous cars are no longer science-fictional. Recent results include Google’s Driverless Car that stood as revolutionized the industry. However, autonomous or driverless cars have been in use since 1939 when GM’s ad-hoc Norman Bel Geddes’ Futurama was exhibited in 1939 at the World’s Fair. The following year, there was Mercedes-Benz robotic van, and DARPA-funded Autonomous Land Vehicle in the year 1980. There were also twin robotic vehicle VaMP as well as Vita-2 from Daimler-Benz along with Ernst Dickmanns of UniBwM in 1994. In 1995 Dickmanns revamped the design of an autonomous S-Class Mercedes-Benz. Additionally, Carnegie Mellon University Navlab and University of Parma also came up with these projects, which have achieved 98.2 percent and 94 percent of the time that the car was fully automated mode.
US Government has funded for military operations known under the terms Demo I & Demo III for the US Army and Demo II for DARPA. In 2000s, Demo III proved the capabilities of unmanned ground vehicles to travel through miles of treacherous off-road terrain. An intercontinental road trip that was the longest autonomous journey comprising four electric vans that were driverless covering 13,000 kilometers across Italy to China was undertaken and completed at Shanghai Expo on the 28th of October, 2010. Shanghai Expo on 28 October in 2010. These milestones demonstrate the importance that autonomous vehicles and driverless vehicles have to offer in the marketplace, regardless of their security, commercial defense, or personal motives.
Motives behind these tendencies
The average car has higher-tech computer systems in comparison to Apollo 11 landed on moon in 1969. Therefore, most vehicles have sensors that automate Parallel Park, warn drivers when a car is in their area of blindness, distance control assists in reducing the speed of the speed of a vehicle if an object is in close proximity and the technology of lane departure that redirects cars when it starts to drift off the lane, and further.
Recently announced project Google Driverless Car is equipped with a range of sensors in the car that track the surrounding environment including the traffic conditions and roads at 20 times per second as well as rigid safety systems with radar, cameras and laser sensors, which allow them to track the lead vehicle as well as the other vehicles in the road. As the data is analyzed, it’s used by the computer’s technology to determine if the car needs to speed up or slow down or change the lane. Another benefit of this car is that the computer does not become distracted by messages from the road or other advertisements as humans do. This car is based off the Toyota Prius that can’t break the speed limit without special involvement, like. The Mr. Bruce Breslow, Director Nevada’s Department of Motor Vehicles, granted the license in May of 2012, and stated “I sat in the back seat first, looking at the laptop that shows what the vehicle is seeing. My apprehension disappeared after about five seconds. Once I felt confident that the car could see better than I could, they allowed me to get behind the wheel.”
The primary benefits that come with Google Driverless Car are its core benefits. Google Driverless Car are
- The right setting and sensor on this car allows it to automatically determine the ideal distance for slowing down prior to stopping signs or turn. It will also be in a position to precisely alter the speed and acceleration rate to maximize the efficiency of the engine and eventually results in lower energy consumption.
- 360 degree cameras monitoring minimizes traffic congestion because merging or stopping and turning will be much more precise.
- Lower auto insurance rates in the stats self-driving vehicle has proven as a safeguard feature for long drives.
- “Optimized” routing have the ability to access databases with information about the speed limits of each road, and at some point, the timing of every traffic light. this allows the vehicle to get the driver to their destination without a lot of delays and stops.
- • Less Maintenance is the result of driving your car well, which lasts longer and requires less repairs.
BMW’s Track Trainer with a modified 3 Series built on the regular production of the 3 Series 330i was a part of the test. The car was equipped with
- a GPS built-in
- a boost in signal strength.
- accompanying repeater to increase capacity and accuracy into the centimeter.
- a customized track map.
The next version of the BMW 5 Series was showcased with the ConnectedDrive Connect (CDC) method that lets drivers take their hands off the wheels of the 5 Series while speeding down on the Autobahn. Also, thanks to this CDC technology, the vehicle can stop, accelerate, and even pass other vehicles analysing traffic conditions making use of cameras, radar laser scanners, lasers, as well as ultrasound sensors, to collect the information it needs.
Technology Company Intel, car makers BMW, Ford, Toyota and General Motors are on the task of finding methods to enhance the driving vehicle that they developed earlier and this effort is increasingly include more automation in their brand new R&D labs. These companies have achieved significant advances over the last decade, and a lot of their achievements are being used to commercial automobiles. A convoy of self-driving vehicles in the very first instance ever is being tested through Volvo Car Corporation on a public motorway in Spain in normal speeds. The Volvo project is referred to SARTRE, which stands for SARTRE (Safe roads for environmental road train) with a variety of other research collaborators.
The race to introduce autonomous or driverless vehicles took a more speed in recent past with Google’s Diverless vehicle that was licensed from the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles as well as the three Volvo saloons that plied the roads of Spain. Business plans are designed around the idea and companies are seeking reliable suppliers. Therefore, the driverless car has opened up the possibility of technological challenges and business opportunities to different industries too such as camera makers sensors, manufacturers of sensors, safety systems producers and custom computers, software’s and more.